[Cmi-lapaz] Russell Crandall: A Controversial Analyst and Three Controversial Caribbean Interventions & El VRAE: Alan Garcia's Failed Domestic Policy

Council on Hemispheric Affairs coha en coha.org
Mar Oct 27 11:38:52 PDT 2009

Council on Hemispheric Affairs Research MemorandumCouncil on Hemispheric Affairs Research Memorandum
About COHA Contact COHA In the News Internships Professor Russell Crandall, Now of the Pentagon: A Controversial Analyst and Three Controversial Caribbean Interventions
In the U.S. policy arsenal, a series of specialized weapons stand ready to defend democracy, and perhaps of equal importance, to serve Washington’s strategic interests abroad. In “Gunboat Democracy; U.S. Interventions in the Dominican Republic, Grenada and Panama” (2006), Professor Russell Crandall, on leave from Davidson College in North Carolina, contextualizes a particular series of U.S. involvements in the Caribbean over the past several decades in order to pinpoint how strategic regional interests have shaped U.S. policy towards the three specific countries under discussion. Crandall’s central and most controversial claim is that democracy has been made unquestionably stronger in the Caribbean after the United States intervened with overwhelming military force. 

Professor Crandall’s prose is easy to read and graciously styled, but is also grossly opinionated and wondrously simplistic. His main objective is to provide objective criteria in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the three radical interventions which become the raw meat of his analysis. The criteria includes whether or not Washington made prudent decisions based on all of the information that was available at the time. Also, Crandall means to weigh in on the consequences of U.S. military intervention in the purported defense of democratic institutions in these countries. Ultimately, and perhaps inevitably, given his highly wrought security/strategy background, and his adept penetration of the Pentagon’s bureaucratic corridors, Crandall easily concludes that the three interventions were legitimate. 
For full article click here 
This analysis was prepared by COHA Research Associate Shantel Beach 
El VRAE: Alan García’s Failed Domestic Policy
Since early 2006, almost fifty members of the Peruvian armed forces and the national police have died in the region of el VRAE (a Spanish acronym for the valley of the rivers Apurimac and Ene). For approximately two decades, this region has been the setting of an ongoing series of lethal encounters between government and criminal forces. These events have produced a political nightmare for the President, Alan Garcia, whose mismanagement of the escalating conflict is widely acknowledged. His critics charge that these lamentable events are also a clear sign of the government’s inadequate, insensitive, and hapless response to the major social problems affecting the Andean nation, in particular the status of the indigenous population living outside the capital city, Lima.

The central government has a history of alternating violence and indifference in its policies toward this distant region. El VRAE remains an isolated area seized by extreme poverty and the persisting presence of the Maoist terrorist group Sendero Luminoso. After years of low-levels of conflict and episodic government outbursts aimed at taming the violence, relative indifference to this extremist group has resulted in Sendero establishing growing connections with the well-organized and locally active criminal network of drug traffickers. The virtually nonexistent state presence in the region and a failed U.S-sponsored drug policy (which some would argue was somewhat inappropriate for Peruvian society from its inception) has created a dangerous mix that escalated until the resumption of large-scale conflict in 2006, after a number of years of relative quiescence. 
For full article click here 
This analysis was prepared by COHA Research Associate Jorge Aguilar 
COHA In The News: Colombian Magazine Semana Honored by U.S. Journalists Union
Published by the Latin American Herald Tribune
November 16, 2009

WASHINGTON – The Council on Hemispheric Affairs, or COHA, and the Newspaper Guild-CWA union have awarded the Colombian magazine Semana the Charles A. Perlik prize for its commitment to promoting justice and democracy in Colombia.

The jury stressed that since its founding in 1982 the magazine has been dedicated to “promoting justice, democracy, and public honesty” among Colombia’s civil society and in the rest of Latin America, COHA said in a communique. 
For full article click here 
This analysis was prepared by Latin American Herald Tribune 
COHA In The News: Revista colombiana Semana recibe premio de periodismo en EE UU
Published by El Nacional, Venezuela
November 16, 2009 

La publicación "es un buen vehículo para la práctica del buen periodismo" en un país donde hay que luchar contra "circunstancias muy adversas", dijo el director de COHA al entregar el premio Charles Perlik al director de la revista.

La revista colombiana Semana recibió este viernes un premio de la asociación de periodistas de Estados Unidos y el centro de análisis Consejo de Asuntos Hemisféricos (COHA) por su posición imparcial en medio de las "circunstancias adversas" para la prensa en Colombia. 
For full article click here 
This analysis was prepared by El Nacional 
COHA In The News: Cuban-Americans Rally Support for Honduras Government
October 23, 2009
Brian Wagner
Voice of America News

The ongoing political crisis in Honduras is drawing attention from Cuban-Americans in Miami, who are concerned about the spread of leftist governments in Latin American. Cuban exiles are backing the de facto government, even as Washington supports the ousted Honduran president. 
For full article click here 
This analysis was prepared by Brian Wagner 
COHA In The News: Uruguay Headed for Presidential Runoff Next Month
October 26, 2009
Arthur Brice in Atlanta and journalist Dario Klein in Uruguay contributed to this report. 

Montevideo, Uruguay (CNN) -- A former guerrilla fighter jailed for 14 years and an ex-president were headed for a runoff for the presidency of Uruguay, after neither was expected to capture more than 50 percent of the vote in Sunday's election.

Jose Mujica, a former Marxist Tupamaro guerrilla who was the top vote-getter Sunday, will be challenged by Luis Alberto Lacalle, who served as president from 1990-1995. The runoff will be held November 29. 
For full article click here 
This analysis was prepared by Arthur Brice in Atlanta and journalist Dario Klein in Uruguay 
Tuesday, October 27, 2009 | Research Memorandum 09.2 
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