[CMI-Chiapas] Americas Program | 10 Years of NAFTA'S CEC in Mexico
communications en irc-online.org
Vie Dic 17 13:34:43 PST 2004
What's New at the AmericasProgram
“A New World of Ideas, Analysis and Policy Options”
December 17, 2004
New from the IRC's Americas Program:
10 Years of NAFTA'sCommission on Environmental Cooperation in Mexico
Edited by: Laura Carlsen and TalliNauman
To assure passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in the
U.S. Congress, the three countries forged a separate agreement, the North American
Agreement on Environmental Cooperation. This agreement created the trilateral
Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC). The CEC is led by a council
made up of Canada’s Minister of Environment, Mexico’s Secretary of the Environment
and the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
As the CEC celebrates its tenth anniversary this year, critics and boosters
examine its unique role in analyzing and directing the relationship between
trade and environment.
The IRC Americas Program has published many articles over the past few years
assessing the work of the Environmental Commission and exploring the impact
of trade on aspects of the environment. The Commission has sparked controversy
since its inception. Supporters state that NAFTA’sside agreement on the environment
and the formation of the CEC have been critical tools in dealing with specific
environmental problems resulting from economic integration. Detractors say
that the CEC has been a mostly ineffective body that has served to legitimize
the negative environmental effects of NAFTA’s trade and investment clauses.
In the interests of opening up a strategic dialogue and thinking about the
nexus between trade and environment, we offer four summaries of recent essays
and reports, followed by points for discussion. The first, by Mexican environmentalist
and former member of the CEC'sPublic Advisory Committee Laura Silván, offers
a generally positive view of the Commission in an essay entitled "Resolving
Environmental Problems and Fostering Citizen Participation." Marisa Jacott
of Greenpeace/Mexico counters with a more critical perspective on the Commission's
work that concludes that subordination to the trade agreement and the lack
of binding powers render the CEC ineffective in carrying out its mandate. We
also provide a summary of the ten-year evaluation commissioned by the CEC and
finish with a list of alternative proposals for incorporating the environment
into economic integration processes.
Laura Carlsen is director of the Americas Program (online at http://www.americaspolicy.org)
of the InterhemisphericResourceCenter (IRC, online at http://www.irc-online.org)
and TalliNauman is the IRC’s editor at large and Americas Program associate.
See full article online at:
With printer-friendly PDF version at:
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Siri D. Khalsa
Email: communications at irc-online.org
Siri D. Khalsa
Interhemispheric Resource Center (IRC)
siri at irc-online.org
IRC Projects Online:
Americas Program (www.americaspolicy.org)
Self-Determination In Focus (www.selfdetermine.org)
Project Against the Present Danger (www.presentdanger.org)
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